Guayaquil, July 25 (Andes).- In the last decade, this port city has experienced a significant social and infrastructure development with a social inclusion approach after works done by the government of the Citizen Revolution, led by President Rafael Correa, which has invested 5,840 billion dollars since 2008.
Works have been focused on health, education, sports infrastructure, environmental clean-up, roads, security, sectors neglected by former governments and local administrations that focused investments in urban areas.
Hospital in Guasmo neighborhood has more than 400 beds.
New and restored hospitals
Despite the accelerated population growth in Guayaquil, a hospital had not been built since four decades ago which led to a collapse in the health public system.
To remedy such serious situation, the government is building two new hospitals with 400 beds each in Guasmo (south) and Monte Sinai (north) neighborhoods. These health centers will have complete services of outpatient care, hospitalization, emergency, intensive care unit, surgical and obstetrical center, neonatologist, infirmary unit, burn units, hemodialysis, HIV and dentistry centers, pharmacy and operating room.
However, while these modern health centers are being built, hospital Niño Francisco de Icaza Bustamante was restored and obtained international certification.
An outpatients’ department was also built in Abel Gilbert Ponton hospital, also internationally accredited. Likewise, Universitario hospital of infectious diseases was restored and a new health center was built in El Cisne sector.
More than 453 million dollars have been invested for these works that benefit the 2,5 million inhabitants of the city and other cities in the Coast.
Education: 14 International Baccalaureate schools
Vicente Rocafuerte school was completely restored.
As in the health area, the area of education was neglected by former administrations which led to overcrowding in public schools, charging of high fees and the increase of bad quality private schools. It was common to see long lines of parents trying to enroll their children in schools each year.
In less than a decade, the government attacked such dire situation implementing the digital enrollment system, recovering schools, building new schools which led to having 14 accredited International Baccalaureate schools.
Until 2006, no public school in the country had such accreditation and now 209 schools have such recognition and other 279 are in process.
In Guayaquil, the government built six Millennium Schools, two were restored and nine schools are under construction. Moreover, there are 1,353 teaches.
The total education investment since 2008 to 2016 exceeds 2,186 billion dollars according to figures of the ministry.
Guayaquil cuenta con un Laboratorio de Criminalística con tecnología de punta.
Until 2006, this city was characterized for being one of the most unsafe in the continent. Bank robbery, car, stores robbery, and other crimes occurred every day.
With equipment provision, technology, logistics, police training, modernization of the judicial system and especially policies for poverty reduction, crime rates drastically reduced.
This directly influences tourism which has significantly increased in the last years. A proof of that is the last award given to the city as “Leading Business Destination in the so-called “Oscars of Tourism”.
As a support in crime control, the government built 88 Community Police Units and two for Community Monitoring.
Furthermore, the police was given 638 cars to patrol, 904 motorcycles, 1,735 portable radios and 5,512 bulletproof vests. Security System ECU-911 which allows coordinating emergencies 24 hours, was built.
With an investment of 79 million dollars, the Regional Center for Social Rehabilitation was also built to guarantee that inmates go under rehabilitation processes in appropriate places.
Regarding justice, judicial centers in the south, north and center of the city were built with large spaces provided with modern technology to provide a fast service.
Internal Security forces have broken up 1,852 drug-trafficking rings and extremely dangerous neighborhoods have been monitored with social assistance policies.
Urban development and recovery of the Salado Estuary
Pedestrian bridge connects Guayaquil with Santay Island for the first time.
Ministries of Urban Development and Environment undertook one of the most ambitious projects which is the recovery of the Salado Estuary, an emblematic branch of the sea that was the beach for people in Guayaquil in the past which led to extreme contamination amid the lack of protection policies for this fragile ecosystem.
With the recovery of the Salado Estuary, more than 3,400 families resettled in safe areas with decent houses. These 17,390 citizens moved to places with infrastructure, drainage systems and urban equipment.
The Salado recovery project also includes the construction of 14 kilometers of lineal parks, where direct waste waters unloading was eliminated. Now water in the Estuaries recovered its fauna and flora characteristic of the area.
Concerning housing, 23,556 bonds for the construction of new houses or house recovery were granted between 2007 to 2016, including emergency projects and the Manuela Espejo program for people with disabilities. More than 112 million dollars have been invested for this area.
The near 2 kilometer-long bridge connects Guayaquil with Duran.
Travelling from Guayaquil to the rest of the country through a bridge had become a problem with no solution. Therefore, the government built the so-called “cuarto puente” (fourth bridge) between Puntilla and Duran, a two kilometer-bridge, with an investment of $146,5bn.
The Ministry of Transport and Public Works has invested 221 million dollars in road infrastructure works such as the widening and maintenance of Guayaquil-Chongón which includes a bike lane.
Samanes Park is one of the biggest entertainment centers in Latin America.
Until 2006, Guayaquil was one of the cities lacking green spaces. The lack of local planning led citizens to look for malls to entertain themselves, causing an increase of obesity in the population.
The government then made the decision to build one of the most modern and largest parks in Latin America in order for citizens to focus on sports, culture in a natural environment.
This park is part of the Guayaquil Ecologico project which includes the construction of a multicultural space with lakes, synthetic fields, stadium, cafeterias, paths and art, culture, sports centers.
Samanes, built with about 187 million dollars, is 100% operation in all of its stages for the benefit of 2,5 million inhabitants from Guayaquil.
The modernization of the Civil Registry, Financial Center, Social Security hospital are some the works that changed the image of the city of Guayaquil.